Chair of Innovation, Competition Policy and New Institutional Economics

2014-04

Number
2014-04
Authors
Stephen Sacht
Title
Identification of Prior Information via Moment-Matching
Abstract In this paper we apply a sensitivity analysis regarding two types of prior information considered within the Bayesian estimation of a standard hybrid New-Keynesian model. In particular, we shed a light on the impact of micro- and macropriors on the estimation outcome. First, we investigate the impact of the transformation of those model parameters which are bounded to the unit interval, in order to allow for a more diffuse prior distribution. Second, we combine the Moment-Matching (MM, Franke et al. (2012)) and Bayesian technique in order to evaluate macropriors. In this respect we define a two-stage estimation procedure – the so-called Moment-Matching based Bayesian (MoMBay) estimation approach – where we take the point estimates evaluated via MM and consider them as prior mean values of the parameters within Bayesian estimation. We show that while (transformed) micropriors are often used in the literature, applying macropriors evaluated via the MoMBay approach leads to a better fit of the structural model to the data. Furthermore, there is evidence for intrinsic (degree of price indexation) rather than extrinsic (autocorrelation in the shock process) persistence — an observation which stands in contradiction to the results documented in the recent literature.

Keywords: Bayesian estimation, moment-matching estimation, mombay estimation, New-Keynesian model, micropriors; macropriors

JEL classification: C11, C32, C52, E3
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